Introduction to the Hydrozoa

Perhaps the best-known hydrozoan, familiar to most students of introductory biology, is Hydra, pictured at left. Hydra never goes through a medusoid stage and spends its entire life as a polyp. However, Hydra is not typical of the Hydrozoa as a whole. Most hydrozoans alternate between a polyp and a medusa stage — they spend part of their lives as "jellyfish" which are hard to distinguish from scyphozoan jellyfish.

A great many hydrozoans are also colonial. Some form delicate branched colonies, while others, known as "fire corals," form massive colonies that resemble true corals. Other hydrozoans have developed pelagic (floating) colonies that are often confused with jellyfish, but unlike jellyfish they are composed of many individuals, all specialized for various functions. The "Portuguese man-o'war" and "by-the-wind-sailors" that often wash up on beaches are examples of these unusual colonial hydrozoans.

Click on the buttons below to learn more about the Hydrozoa.

Fossil Record Life & Ecology Systematics More on Morphology

Visit the Hydrozoan Society.

More hydrozoan information and photographs can be found on the Muséum de Genève's Hydrozoa Directory.

You may also wish to look for links on UC Irvine's Cnidaria Home Page.

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