LOOKUP TABLES:

Locality Table Shortcut Terminology

State Abbreviation Precision of Geographic Location

AR

Arkansas

ND

North Dakota

E

Exact (lat/long)

AZ

Arizona

NE

Nebraska

QA

Quadrangle Approximate

CA

California

NM

New Mexico

QP

Quadrangle Precise

CO

Colorado

NV

Nevada

QC

Quad. in center of county

FL

Florida

OK

Oklahoma

T

USGS Township Coord.

IA

Iowa

OR

Oregon

ID

Idaho

SD

South Dakota

KS

Kansas

TX

Texas

LA

Louisiana

UT

Utah

MN

Minnesota

WA

Washington

MO

Missouri

WY

Wyoming

MT

Montana

Repository Abbreviations

Follow those used by FAUNMAP plus:

ACM Amherst College
CIT California Institute of Technology
CSM Colorado School of Mines
F:AM Frick Collections American Museum of Natural History
LS Ralph B. Clark Interpretive Center, Los Coyotes Regional Park , Buena Park
LSA LSA Associates, Inc.
MCZ Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University
OCPC Orange County Paleontological Collection
OMNH Oklahoma Museum of Natural History
SDNHM San Diego Natural History Museum
SDSNH San Diego Society of Natural History
USGS United States Geological Survey


Faunal Comment Table Shortcut Terminology

ID Confidence

Q Confidence questioned
CF Probably
AF Affinity with

Context

A Articulated
AS Associated
I Intrusive
RE Redeposited


Age/Deposit Table Shortcut Terminology

Period and Archival Period

TERT

Tertiary

Epoch and Archival Epoch

EPLI

Early Pliocene (5.3-3.6 Ma)

LMIO

Late Miocene (11.2-5.3 Ma)

MMIO

Middle Miocene (16.4-11.2 Ma)

EMIO

Early Miocene (23.8-16.4 Ma)

LOLI

Late Oligocene (28.5-23.8 Ma)

EOLI

Early Oligocene (33.7-28.5 Ma)

PLIO

Pliocene (5.3-2 Ma)

MIOC

Miocene (23.8-5.3 Ma)

OLIG

Oligocene (33.7-23.8 Ma)

OLMI

Oligocene-Miocene (33.7-5.3 Ma)

MIPL

Miocene-Pliocene (23.8-2.0 Ma)

Age and Archival Age

Publications prior to 2003 use slightly different dates for the EHMF, LLAK, ELAK, and LEAK

LLHP

Late Late Hemphillian (5.9-4.7 Ma)

ELHP
LEHP

Early Late Hemphillian (6.7-5.9 Ma)
Late Early Hemphillian (7.5-6.7 Ma)

EEHP

Early Early Hemphillian (9-7.5 Ma)

LCLA

Late Clarendonian (10-9 Ma)

MCLA
ECLA

Middle Clarendonian (12-10 Ma)
Early Clarendonian (12.5-12 Ma)

LBAR

Late Barstovian (14.8-12.5 Ma)

EBAR

Early Barstovian (15.9-14.8 Ma)

LHMF

Late Hemingfordian (17.5-15.9 Ma)

EHMF

Early Hemingfordian (18.8-17.5 Ma)

LLAK

Late Late Arikareean (19.5-18.8 Ma)

ELAK

Early Late Arikareean (23.8-19.5 Ma)

LEAK

Late Early Arikareean (27.9-23.8 Ma)

EEAK

Early Early Arikareean (30-27.9 Ma)

HEMP

Hemphillian (9-4.7 Ma)

CLAR

Clarendonian (12.5-9 Ma)

BARS

Barstovian (15.9-12.5 Ma)

HEMI

Hemingfordian (18.8-15.9 Ma)

ARIK
EHMP

Arikareean (30-18.8 Ma)
Early Hemphillian (9-6.7)

LARK

Late Arikareean (23.8-18.8 Ma)

EARK

Early Arikareean (30-23.8 Ma)

HPBL
CLHP
BACL
HEBA
ARHE
WHAR
WHIT
BLAN

Hemphillian/Blancan (9-1.7 Ma)
Clarendonian/Hemphillian (12.5-4.7 Ma)
Barstovian/Clarendonian (15.9-9 Ma)
Hemingfordian/Barstovian (18.8-12.5 Ma)
Arikareean/Hemingfordian (30-15.9 Ma)
Whitneyan/Arikareean (32.2-18.8 Ma)
Whitneyan (32.2-30 Ma)
Blancan (4.7-1.7 Ma)

Land Mammal Age and Archival Land Mammal Age

WHIT Whitneyan
ARIK Arikareean
HEMI Hemingfordian
BARS Barstovian
CLAR Clarendonian
HEMP Hemphillian
BLAN Blancan

Minimum and Maximum Age Methods

40KA

40K/40AR

FIST

Fission track

39AR

40AR/39AR laser fusion

PMAG

Paleomagnetic

BIOS

Biostratigraphic

STRA

Stratigraphic correlation

CORR

Corrected date

TEPH

Tephrachronology

RBSR

Rubidium/Strontium

Agent of Accumulation

DP

Depositional processes

AH

Anthill

NA Natural attrition

 

NC

Natural catastrophe

 

RW

Reworked

 

Recovery Method

NOSC

No screen-washing known to have occurred

CRSE

All excavated material was coarse-screened (>1/16-inch mesh)

FINE

All excavated material was fine-screened (£1/16-inch mesh)

FISM

Only a sample of the excavated material was fine-screened

CRFI

All excavated material was coarse-screened, and a representative sample was fine-screened

MESE

All excavated material was medium screened (1/8-inch mesh)

FLOT

Excavated material was recovered from flotation sample

DONA

Material was donated, and excavation technique is unknown

SASC

Material excavated was screened, mesh size/type unknown

Depositional System

LC

Lacustrine

SP

Spring

FL

Fluvial

VC

Volcanic

GR

Gravity

MA

Marine

AE

Aeolian

BI

Biological

CV

Cave

AN

Anthropogenic

Depositional Environment Facies

AL

Alluvial fan

AE

Aeolian

AF

Ash fall

AL

Alluvium

AR

Arroyo

AN

Asphaltic sand

AS

Asphalt

AS

Asphaltic seep

BG

Bog

BC

Beach

BI

Biological

BD

Breakdown

BS

Braided stream

BR

Bar

CH

Channel

BS

Bedrock disintegration

CD

Conduit

BW

Burrow

CF

Colluvial fan

CG

Coarse-grained

CL

Colluvium

CL

Channel lag

CM

Coarse-grained meander belt

CP

Chemical precipitates

CU

Cultural

CS

Crevasse splay

DB

Deep sea benthic

DC

Deltaic coarse

DF

Debris fall

DG

Dung

DL

Deflation lag

DI

Diatomite

DN

Dune

DW

Deep water muds

ES

Estuarine

FG

Fine-grained

FB

Floodplain basin

FL

Fluvial

FF

Fluvial floodplain

FP

Floodplain

FL

Flow

HB

Burial

FM

Fine-grained meander belt

LC

Lacustrine

FS

Fissure

LV

Levee

HZ

Horizontal

MD

Mound

KT

Kettle

ML

Marl

LB

Littoral benthic

MN

Midden

LF

Lava flow

OD

Occupation debris

LK

Lake

PA

Paleosol

LS

Loess

PB

Point bar

LT

Lava tube

PD

Pond

NA

Nuee ardente

PT

Peat

OW

Outwash/Overbank

SW

Shallow water muds

OX

Oxbow lake

TC

Talus cone

PD

Pond

TE

Terrace

PL

Playa

TR

Travertine

PT

Pit

TU

Tufa

RS

Rockshelter

UC

Unsorted

SH

Sinkhole

VR

Varved

SL

Slump

SS

Sand sheet

TK

Thermokarst lake

WD

Wadi

WP

Wave-cut platform

Mixing of Sediments

Y Mixing present
P Mixing possible
N No evidence for mixing


Absolute Dating Table Shortcut Terminology

Dating Method

40KA

40K/40AR

RBSR

Rubidium/Strontium

39AR

40AR/39AR laser fusion

FIST

Fission track

CORR

Corrected date

PMAG

Paleomagnetic

Material Type used for Absolute Date

BAPP

Bone apatite/carbonate

HUMT

Humate

BCOL

Bone collagen

LAVA

Lava/basalt

BOMN

Bone-amino acid

OBSI

Obsidian

BONE

Bone

ORGM

Organic mud

CARB

Carbonate

PALS

Paleosol

CHAR

Charcoal

PEAT

Peat

CORI

Corrected isotopically

PLNT

Plant material

CORR

Corrected date

POTT

Pottery

DUNG

Dung

SHCA

Shell-carbonate

ENAM

Enamel-tooth

SHEL

Shell

FEAT

Feature or structure

SHOR

Shell-organics

GYTJ

Gyttja

VASH

Volcanic ash

HFEA

Historic feature

Lab Abbreviations

ACM Berkeley Geochronology Laboratory
CIT California Institute of Technology
DART Dartmouth University
KL Kline Laboratory
LDEO Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
MCM McMaster University
PITT University of Pittsburgh
QUOT Queen’s University, Ontario
UA University of Arizona
UCB University of California , Berkeley
UCR University of California , Riverside
UF University of Florida
UNE University of Nebraska
USC University of Southern California
USGS United State Geological Survey
UU University of Utah
YU Yale University

Absolute Date Position Confidence of Absolute Date

UC

Upper contact of Analysis Unit

OC

Date too old, contamination probable

UP

Upper portion of Analysis Unit

YC

Date too young, contamination probable

MP

Middle portion of Analysis Unit

YM

Date too young, context disturbed

LP

Lower portion of Analysis Unit

OM

Date too old, context disturbed

LC

Lower contact of Analysis Unit

RJ

Date rejected by author

QD

Date questioned but not rejected by author

IN YU OU

Infinite
Too young, unknown reason
Too old, unknown reason

 

*Use of this resource in publications should be cited as:
Carrasco, M.A., B.P. Kraatz, E.B. Davis, and A.D. Barnosky. 2005. Miocene Mammal Mapping Project (MIOMAP). University of California Museum of Paleontology http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/miomap/