Journal of Medical and Applied Malacology

The International Society for Medical and Applied Malacology is devoted specifically to the concerns of applied malacology, i.e., to medical, veterinary and agricultural malacology. The Society is for scientists that work with mollusks as mediators of parasitic diseases of humans and domestic and other animals, and as pests to agriculture, materials, etc. Medical aspects include such diseases as schistosomiasis, paragonimiasis, fascioliasis, fasciolopsiasis, clonorchiasis and eosinophilic meningoencephalitis. The Society's journal, the Journal of Medical and Applied Malacology, includes articles dealing with, e.g., molluscan ecology, distribution, taxonomy, biochemistry, physiology, functional morphology, control, eradication and host-parasite relationships. Also included, beginning with Vol. 2, is an annual literature coverage of pertinent articles on medical and applied malacology published in other journals.

In addition to publishing the Journal of Medical and Applied Malacology, the Society sponsors congresses on medical and applied malacology at periodic intervals. The first congress was held in Monterrey, Mexico, in 1987. The second congress was held in Seoul, Korea, in 1990. The third congress was held in Camden, Australia, in 1993. The fourth congress will be held in Santiago, Chile, in 1996.

Directions to Authors

The Journal for Medical and Applied Malacology will publish the results of original work, of either descriptive or experimental nature, devoted primarily or exclusively to the study of mollusks of medical, veterinary and agricultural importance, and their parasites, and will publish reviews of major research in these areas of medical and applied malacology. The articles must not be published elsewhere.

The Journal for Medical and Applied Malacology aims to provide a common medium for such different aspects of medical and applied malacology as anatomy, biochemistry, cytology, ecology, genetics, physiology, taxonomy and zoogeography. The journal is especially concerned with maintaining scholarly standards. All manuscripts will be reviewed by competent scientists. Papers are judged on their contribution of original data, ideas or interpretations, and on their conciseness, scientific accuracy and clarity.

Numerous and long tables, large numbers of figures, and pages in excess of 10 per article may be charged to the author at the current cost per page. Information concerning page costs will be transmitted to the author during the manuscript review process.

Manuscripts may be in English, French, German or Spanish (English is preferred) and should follow the Journal for Medical and Applied Malacology style. All articles must contain a concise but adequate abstract, which should be an informative digest of significant content and should be able to stand alone as a brief statement of the conclusions of the paper.

Manuscripts are to be submitted in duplicate. Papers are accepted on condition that copyright is vested in the journal. No part of any article published in the Journal for Medical and Applied Malacology may be reproduced without the written permission of the publishers. All statements made and opinions expressed in any article are the responsibility of the author.

The publishers will set the text in the style adopted for the journal, and it would be helpful if authors would follow this style as closely as possible in the manuscript. In particular, simplified practices such as the following are favored: numbers one through nine and numbers at the beginnings of sentences are written out; numerals are used when the number is followed by units of weight and measure; percentages following a number are expressed as %; units of weight and measure (mm, ml, kg, etc.) are abbreviated when preceded by numerals, and the abbreviations have neither a period nor an s in the plural.

Prospective authors who type their manuscripts on computers are encouraged to submit a computer disk version of their manuscripts in addition to normal paper copies. This will speed processing and will reduce production costs. Disks can be either Macintosh or MS-DOS compatible and preferably in Microsoft Word, MacWrite, WordPerfect or WordStar formats, or saved from the word processor as a text (ASCII) file.

Latin names of genera and species should be italicized or underlined, and all Latin specific names of all organisms should be followed by the authority when the name is first mentioned in the text or table. Generic names should be written out when first used in a paragraph; thereafter, in the paragraph, they are abbreviated when used with a specific name.

Illustrations must be carefully executed and so planned that they may be printed as figures of an appropriate size. The maximum size of a printed figure is 13.1 x 19.7 cm. Large illustrations must be accompanied by a smaller photograph for the editors. Drawings and lettering must be in black India ink or carbon black printing on white, blue tracing, or blue-lined paper. Charts should be drawn large enough to stand a reduction of one-half to one-third. This should be taken into consideration especially in relation to lettering. Letters and numbers must not be less than 1 mm in height, preferably larger, after reduction. A number of drawings or photographs may often be conveniently grouped together to fit a page. Photographs should be printed on white glossy paper, showing a full range of tones and good contrast. Photographs of line illustrations, graphs, charts and tables may be submitted with the manuscript for the review process, but after acceptance of the manuscript and before publication the original illustrations must be submitted to the editor. Original illustrations will be returned to authors on request after publication.

Literature Cited. See current number of the Journal for Medical and Applied Malacology for desired form of citing. In particular, it should be noted that "et al." may be used in the text but not in the list of references at the end; in addition to the volume number, the complete page numbers of articles and books must be cited; for books, the publisher and city must also be cited. Journal names in references in the Literature Cited must be written in full, i.e., they cannot be abbreviated.

Voucher specimens of all species used in all types of research papers published in the Journal for Medical and Applied Malacology must be lodged in a recognized repository, i.e., sample specimens of each species studied must be sent to a museum and, preferably, the registered numbers and full data of these specimens published. This insures that future workers will have easy access to this material and that species determinations will be accurate or can be checked.

Proofs should be returned with the least possible delay, and only essential corrections should be made. Other changes may be charged to the author.

Authors are requested to pay particular attention to the checking of numerical matter, tables and scientific names. Reprints (separates; off-prints) may be obtained at cost price if ordered at the time off-set proof is returned. Later orders cannot be considered. Order forms will accompany proof sheets sent to authors.


All manuscripts should be sent to the Managing Editor, Journal for Medical and Applied Malacology, Museum of Zoology, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, U.S.A.

Subscription and Membership

Applications to join the International Society for Medical and Applied Malacology and inquiries about subscription should be directed to: International Society for Medical and Applied Malacology P.O. Box 2715, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, U.S.A.

1995 rates are: US$ 25.00* [or $15.00 for student membership - Students must include an endorsement from their faculty advisor]. This includes subscription to Vol. 7 of the Journal of Medical and Applied Malacology. Back issues of the Journal for Society members are US$ 15.00 per volume. Subscription rate to the Journal for institutions is $50.00 per annum. All checks should be made payable in U.S.A. currency to an American bank, and must contain U.S.A. bank routing numbers at the bottom of the check.