[Laboratory XI - Interpreting past Climate from Fossil Leaf Assemblages]

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WWW info about paleoclimate:

Axelrod, D.I. 1991. The Early Miocene Buffalo Canyon Flora of Western Nevada. University of California Publications, Geological Sciences v. 135.

Axelrod, D.I. and H.P. Bailey. 1969. Paleotemperature analysis of Tertiary floras. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, and Palaeoecology 6:163-195.

Bailey, I.W. and E.W. Sinnott. 1915. A botanical index of Cretaceous and Tertiary climates. Science 41:831-834.

Bailey, I.W. and E.W. Sinnott. 1916. The climatic distribution of certain types of angiosperm leaves. American Journal of Botany 3:24-39.

Dolph, G.E. 1979. The Troutdale flora. Publications of the Carnegie Institute, Washington 553:323-351.

Dolph, G.E. and D.L. Dilcher. 1979. Foliar physiognomy as an aid in determining paleoclimate. Palaeontographica 170:151-172.

MacGinitie, H.D. 1969. The Eocene Green river flora of northwestern Colorado and northeastern Utah. University of California Publications in the Geological Sciences 83:140.

Mason, H.L. 1947. Evolution of certain floristic associations in western North America. Ecological Monographs 17:201-210.

Schweitzer, H.J. 1974. Die 'tertiären' Koniferen Spitzbergens. Palaeontographica 149:1-89.

Van Devender, T.R. and W.G. Spaulding. 1979. Development of vegetation and climate in the southwestern United States. Science 204:701-710.

Webb. L.J. 1959. Physiognomic classification of Australian rain forests. Journal of Ecology 47:551-570.

Wilf, P. 1997. When are leaves good thermometers? A new case for Leaf Margin Analysis. Paleobiology 23: 373-390

Wilf, P., S.L. Wing, D.R. Greenwood and C.L. Greenwood 1998. Using fossil leaves as paleoprecipitation indicators: An Eocene example. Geology 26: 203-206

Wolfe, J.A. 1969. Neogene floristic and vegetational history of the Pacific Northwest. Madrono 20:83-110.

Wolfe, J.A. 1971. Tertiary climatic fluctuations and methods of analysis of Tertiary floras. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, and Palaeoecology 9:27-57.

Wolfe, J.A. 1977. Paleogene floras from the Gulf of Alaska region. U.S.G.S. Professional Paper 997:1-108.

Wolfe, J.A. 1978. A paleobotanical interpretation of Tertiary climates in the Northern Hemisphere. American Scientist 66:694-703.

Wolfe, J.A. 1979. Temperature parameters of humid to mesic forests of eastern Asia and relation to forests of other regions of the Northern Hemisphere and Australasia. U.S.G.S. Professional Paper 1106:1-37.

Wolfe, J.A. 1980. Tertiary climates and floristic relationships at high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, and Palaeoecology 30:313-323.

Wolfe, J.A. 1990. Palaeobotanical evidence for a marked temperature increase following the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary. Nature 343:153-156.

Wolfe, J.A. 1993. A method of obtaining climatic parameters from leaf assemblages. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2040, 71 pp.

Wolfe, J.A. 1994. Tertiary climate changes at middle latitudes of western North America. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 108:195-205.

Wolfe, J.A. 1995. Paleoclimatic estimates from Tertiary leaf assemblages. Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Science 23:119-142.

Wolfe, J.A., H.E. Schorn, C.E. Forest and P. Molnar. 1997. Paleobotanical evidence for high altitudes in Nevada during the Miocene. Science 276:1672-1675.

Wolfe, J.A. and T. Tanai. 1980. The Miocene Seldovia Point flora from the Kenai Group, Alaska. U.S.G.S. Professional Paper 1105:1-52.

Wolfe, J.A. and G.R. Upchurch, Jr. 1986. Vegetation, climate and floral changes at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Nature 324:148-152.

Wolfe, J.A. and G.R. Upchurch, Jr. 1987. Leaf assemblages across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in the Raton Basin, New Mexico and Colorado. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, U.S.A. 84:5096-5100.

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